The service is mainly carried out in the head office in Florence (Arcetri). Nevertheless since the end of the '90s it is active also in Naples, where the first detached section was opened. In 2010 one more section joined INO and another electronic laboratory, based from over 25 years in Pisa, is now part of the institute.
Logistics & instruments
a) Arcetri (Florence)
The electronic staff has his own equipped room that is used both as an office and as a laboratory. Rooms have been recently restructured (2005) in order to have an efficient PC-desk positioning (for circuit and prototype design), to host personnel (to discuss problems related to electronic instruments to be used for the research activity) and to assemble and test prototypes and/or electronic instruments (by making use of an electronic test bench).
Instrumentation present in each room can be divided in the three following classes:
  1. hardware:each person of the electronic staff has at least two PCs;
  2. software:OrCAD design suites Tool for electronics, Xilinx to program Eprom chips and to design digital electronic circuits, LabView to drive, to test and to design instrument and detector prototypes, AutoCAD to draw mechanical components necessary for the realization of the electronic instruments;
  3. hardware:besides basic instrumentation (welders, multi-metres, generators, power supplies, oscilloscopes) spectrum-analyzers, emulators for micro-controllers and instruments for a detailed analysis of complex electronic circuits are also available.
Electric and electronic components is put in appropriate furniture placed in the common area in the electronic compartment.
The production machines for electronic circuits such as Double Sided UV Exposure Unit, PCB Drill, CNC Machine for isolation Routing, Hole metallization System, Shears PCB, etc… are placed in a room that is equipped with a modern and efficient system for steam and dust inhaling. The access is allowed to specialized personnel only, that is assigned to the electronic service.
There is also a place for putting both bulky material (instrument packing boxes, sections, …) and stock material (dismissed materials, conduction rods, and any material to be used for welding and for electronic manufacturing).
b) Naples
The electronic service of the Naples section is composed of one employee, who has got an equipped room that is used both as an office and as a laboratory. The room is equipped with all the instruments (welders, multi-metres, generators, power supplies, oscilloscopes) that are necessary for testing and assembling the electronic systems developed in the frame of the activity research of the section.
c) Pisa
The electronics service at the section of Pisa has a large laboratory with all the facilities for mounting electronic circuit boards and electronic instruments.
The lab has two work stations equipped with personal computer and a numerically controlled milling machine for the production of printed circuit boards and machining of flat surfaces and panels.
The basic instrumentation consists of power supplies, oscilloscopes, frequency counters, multimeters and signal generators, but the demands of recent years have lead to mainly upgrade the digital instrumentation with the acquisition of in-circuit emulators for Zilog and Atmel microcontrollers and development systems for Xilinx programmable logic and DSP.
Computer software in use consist of electronics simulation software, electronics CAD software and CAD software for mechanical design, while for test and monitor of new equipments, LabVIEW is the usual tool.
Competences, past and future activities
The specialized personnel is highly qualified and prides itself on more than 20 years of experience reached by collaborating at the research activity developed inside the institute. The participation to the research activity mainly consists in the design and realization of electronic circuits, such as:
  1. realization of printed circuits on Photo-Resist Coated Boards single end double sided;
  2. driving software for a 2-axes CNC Machine for printed circuits;
  3. design of electronic digital boards, carried out by means of software such as OrCad;
  4. to program Eprom chips and other integrated chips by means of software such as Xilinx.
Besides that, the technicians of the electronic service has profitably supported the following activities:
  1. Photometry ed Lighting Engineering laboratory;
  2. measurement campaigns for the diagnostics of artworks;
  3. realization of instruments for environmental and aerospace applications.
Human resources
a) Arcetri (Florence)
Personnel: Euzzor Stefano, Poggi Pasquale
Coordinator: Fontana Raffaella
Info & links:
b) Naples
Personnel: external affiliates and associatades
Coordinator: Ferraro Pietro
Info & links: see employees page.
c) Pisa
Personnel: Alessandro Barbini
Info & links: see employees page.

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