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Lateral shear and digital holographic microscopy to check dynamic behaviour of biological cell

  Articoli su Riviste JCR/ISI  (anno 2007)

Autori:  Miccio L., Grilli S., De Nicola S., Finizio A., Ferraro P

Affiliazione Autori:  CNR - Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078 Pozzuoli (NA), Italy; Istituto di Cibernetica “ E. Caianiello” del CNR, Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078 Pozzuoli (NA), Italy; LENS European Laboratory for non linear spectroscopy (Firenze)

Riassunto:  Quantitative Phase Microscopy (QPM) by means of Lateral Shear Interferometry (LSI) is presented as a metrological tool to investigate dynamical behaviour of living cells. QPM achieved by a Digital Holographic Microscope (DHM), in transmission geometry, allows to reconstruct object shape from the numerical reconstruction of the complex field transmitted by the object. This geometry is useful in special case of biological material because they present an amplitude contrast too small for quantitative amplitude microscopy. DHM realized with a Mach-Zehnder interferometer provides the object phase map which is simply related to the object height. This technique gives a detailed map of the internal structure of the cell. The main trouble in QPM is the removal of the aberration due to the optical setup. Usually, in DHM the aberrations are eliminated by subtraction of a reference phase map (acquired without sample cell) from the object phase map. We propose a method, based on LSI, for the aberration removal that avoids this double exposure and makes use of the single object hologram. The reconstructed wavefront and its shifted replica are subtracted to obtain a shearograrn from which the phase map of the object can be completely retrieved. Both shifted replica and subtraction are processed numerically. This method allows to remove optical aberrations more efficiently and faster than other conventional techniques and provides real time monitoring of cell samples.

Rivista/Giornale:  PROCEEDINGS OF SPIE
Volume n.:  6617      Pagine da: 661706-1  a: 661706-6
DOI: 10.1117/12.726153

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